General, Problem solving, Tips

Investment 101

Waheed Babatunde Written by Waheed Babatunde · 2 min read >

Generally, investing means committing money to work overtime in a venture or endeavour to generate profits. It’s the act of allocating resources, typically capital (i.e., money), with the hope of making more money or resources. One can engage in a variety of activities (directly or indirectly), such as utilizing capital to launch a business or buying assets like real estate to rent it out and/or sell it at a profit in the future.

In contrast to saving, investing involves putting money to work, which carries the implied risk that the connected project(s) could fail and cause a financial loss. Investing differs from speculation in that the latter involves wagering on short-term price swings rather than really putting your money to work. The anticipation of a favorable return in the form of income or price appreciation with statistical significance is the core premise of investing.

Risk and return in investments are inversely correlated; low risk often translates into low expected returns, whereas more risk is typically correlated with larger profits. Basic investments like Certificates of Deposit (CDs) are at the low end of the risk spectrum; bonds or fixed-income securities are towards the higher end, and stocks or equities are considered riskier. Generally speaking, among the most challenging assets are commodities and derivatives. One can invest in fragile items like art and antiques in addition to more tangible assets like property market or land.

The most common types of investments:

Most financial instruments used today to raise and invest funds in enterprises are referred to as “investments.” These businesses then harvest that capital and put it to work expanding or making

money. Although there are many different sorts of investments, the following are the most typical ones:


A stock purchase makes the buyer a part owner of the company. Shareholders own stock in a company, and they can benefit from that company’s expansion and success by increasing the value of their shares and receiving regular dividends from the company’s earnings.


Bonds are debt obligations issued by organizations like corporations and states.  When you own a bond, you are entitled to interest payments from the firm that gave it and the bond’s face value when it matures.


Funds are pooled entities that allow investors to purchase stocks, bonds, and commodities, and investment managers manage these funds. Mutual funds and exchange-traded funds, or ETFs, are two of the most popular categories of funds.


Commodities are items like minerals, hydrocarbons, grains, and animal products in addition to financial tools and currencies. There are two trading options: ETFs or commodity futures, which are agreements to buy or sell a certain quantity of a commodity at a set price on a particular future date.

Conclusively, the type of investment you select may depend on your income goals and risk tolerance. Stocks, bonds, and other investments are all possible. One can invest using cash, assets, digital currencies, or other forms of agreed trade.

Stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and other investment vehicles are just a few examples. Each has different severity of risk and reward. You have two options for investing: either go it alone without the aid of a professional investor or hire a registered investment advisor. Investors now have the choice of getting automated investment solutions thanks to technology and artificial intelligence. Regardless of your investment strategy, conduct your study. Never invest your assets in a company or commodity you don’t fully comprehend.


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