The concept of Freedom
Freedom is having the ability to act or change without constraints
Freedom of Choice
An individuals ability to perform an action selected from at least two available options, unconstrained by external factor is freedom of choice.
1. Concept of Free Choice
Freedom of choice is the ability to choose an alternative; to make a choice. There can be constraints no doubt, but man is free to make a choice. Example: IJ studies medicine but decides to be a musician. He has exercised his power to make free choices.
2. The Reality of Free Choice
Are we really free?
Between EVERY circumstance and action, there is always some space for choice. An example is a Jehovah Witness who has refused blood transfusion no matter the circumstance.
3. Men are free because they are intelligent
Animals are slaves to their impulses, while humans are capable of abstract knowledge. Intelligence can be based on prior knowledge or past experiences.
An example is driving, and the tyre flies off, our knowledge will let us know not to apply breaks or apply breaks. Another example is deciding not to eat because one is fasting, while animals will always eat once hungry.
4. Man is shaped by his choices
By making choices, especially consistent ones, a character, or identity is being shaped. For example, Ubong King was born poor, but he made choices which later formed his character and identity.
5. Freedom From and Freedom For
Freedom from is being free from constraints, which never really works. A freedom which is only a freedom from and not freedom for, ultimately destroys itself.
An example is; someone leaves his home just because he wants to leave and is tired of his nagging parents (freedom from his parents), likewise someone who leave the house to acquire self-development has exercised (freedom for something).
6. Freedom and Commitment
Freedom is like money, it’s no use if it’s not spent. It is only through commitments that our freedom becomes truly effective. Being able to commit fully to ones choice is one way our FREEDOM FOR can be effective.
Example is a child being told he can be anything he wants to be. This is an ambiguous statement because a child cannot be everything he wants to be. He can choose to be in art of commercial class, he just has to be committed to his choice.
7. Freedom and Truth
Shying away from the truth because you want to exercise your freedom can make you lose your freedom.
For example, coming into the classroom and calling Olumide stupid is exercising your freedom of speech, but is it really worth doing? Idi Amin once said Ýou have freedom of speech, but freedom after speech, I cannot guarantee’. This means that you cannot neglect your environment or surroundings because you want to exercise your freedom.
8. The Ultimate point of Freedom
The real benefit we derive from having choices is that we become the authors of our own fate and it gives us a sense of fulfilment. Example: Choosing between and LBS and Unilag, then being paid higher salary for attending LBS, gives you a sense of fulfilment.
9. Responsibilities for our Free Choices
Agreeing that there is always space for choice no matter the circumstance has made us responsible for our choices. Deciding not to do anything also makes you responsible for your choice. Example: Even though “everyone’ is of the habit of throwing nylon on the ground, as opposed to disposing it properly does not absorb you of being responsible for your choice.
10. Freedom and the practice of management
The need for managers to understand that everyone has freedom of choice and cannot be manipulated is a no brainer. Managers who have learnt to be persuasive, learnt to appeal to their intelligence of her subordinates, will most likely yield better results, as opposed to manipulating them. Be wary of scientific theories of management because they ignore the human factor. Example, economic and agency theories.