When we talk of environment, we mean everything in the world around us that surrounds and affects our life on earth, including the air, food chains, the water cycle, plant and other humans. The oxygen we breathe comes from our environment.
The main reason why our environment is changing is because humans are adding greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide is released whenever people burn fossil fuels to do everyday activities like driving cars, and electricity. When greenhouse gas builds up in the atmosphere, it causes the earth to heat up, making our planet warmer. As a result, the air we breathe get polluted and it gets too hot for humans, plants and animals to survival.
Plastics is very harmful for the environment- once we use it, it will be thrown away. It then goes to the waste collection centre where it takes many years for it to be completely destroyed. Some people throw plastic into the ocean- when turtle eats it thinking it is a jelly fish, it kills them.
According to Wall Street Journal, the US alone goes through 100 billion plastic shopping bags annually. Plastics don’t biograde. Instead, they photograde breaking down into smaller and smaller toxic bits that contaminate soil and waterways and enter the food web when animals accidentally ingest them. It takes a lot of money and energy to destroy plastic, therefore, instead of plastic bags, choose to use paper bags. Another important option is to recycle the plastics to enable further use.
We can plant more trees. Trees are very important to human life. Tree gives us food, produces oxygen and helps us to survive. But today people cut down trees to make room for new building, roads and cities. Trees are used to make newspaper, computer, furniture, houses and many other products. If we love planting trees instead of destroying it, it will continue to serve and protect the environment. Do you know that planting of trees makes the ground stronger?
Another important thing we can do to our environment is to use less electricity. The simplest thing to remember is to switch off the light when you leave the room. Even if you are not using it, leaving something plugged in takes something from the earth.
Our planet is changing, so we need to take responsibility and be committed to protecting it. Some of the basic approach to solving climate change issues include: reforestation, using the public transport most times, embracing renewable energy, reduction in plastic use.